Brazil and South Africa were among the first countries profoundly impacted by the HIV/AIDS epidemic and had similar rates of HIV infection in the early 1990s. Today, Brazil has less than 1% adult HIV prevalence, implemented treatment and prevention programmes early in the epidemic, and now has exemplary HIV/AIDS programmes. South Africa, by contrast, has HIV prevalence of 18% and was, until recently, infamous for its delayed and inappropriate response to the HIV/ AIDS epidemic. This article explores how differing relationships between AIDS movements and governments have impacted the evolving policy responses to the AIDS epidemic in both countries, including through AIDS programme finance, leadership and industrial policy related to production of generic medicines.
Authors: Amy Nunn, Samuel Dickman, Nicoli Nattrass, Alexandra Cornwall, Sofia Gruskin
Published By: Global Public Health
Date: November 9, 2012
Publication Link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3738204/