Eliana Zucchi, MPH, and Sarah MacCarthy, DSc, will provide an overview of critical issues concerning HIV/AIDS in Brazil. Although Brazil is widely recognized for its successful response in making antiretroviral treatment free and universally available, persistent obstacles remain. Eliana will discuss her work on psychosocial aspects underlying decision-making about HIV testing among adolescents with special attention to the link between human rights and the Brazilian health and educational responses to HIV prevention. Sarah will present empirical findings regarding linkage to care among HIV-positive individuals in Salvador, the third largest city in Brazil and also one of the poorest. They’ll conclude by highlighting future areas for research.