November 4, 2015 —This presentation highlighted data that challenges traditional assumptions about the epidemiology of HIV across lower- and middle-income countries, focusing on sub-Saharan Africa. Using systematic reviews, empirical data and mathematical models, Johns Hopkins Professor Stefan Baral presented a case that emphasizes unmet HIV prevention and treatment needs of key populations—including gay men and other men who have sex with men, female sex workers and people who inject drugs— in the context of generalized epidemics. He discussed studies that reinforce the importance of measuring and addressing multiple levels of risk, ranging from mental health, substance use and stigma, as components of comprehensive, effective HIV and STI prevention and treatment.
This lecture was co-sponsored by the USC Institute for Global Health, Program on Global Health & Human Rights and GlobeMed at USC.
Associate Professor, Department of Epidemiology, Director, Key Populations Program
Johns Hopkins School of Public Health
Stefan Baral is a physician epidemiologist and an Associate Professor in the Department of Epidemiology at the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health (JHSPH). Stefan completed his certification in Community Medicine as a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada and Family medicine with the Canadian Council of Family Physicians. Stefan has also been involved in HIV epidemiology, prevention, and implementation research focused on the epidemiology, human rights contexts, and effective interventions for gay men and other men who have sex with men, transgender women, and female sex workers across Western and Central, and Southern Africa and parts of Asia with support from USAID, CDC, NIH, amfAR, and the Global Fund. In addition, Stefan has led or supported the implementation and evaluation of HIV prevention studies globally characterizing effective combination HIV prevention packages for key populations across multiple low and income countries. Stefan acts as the Director of the Key Populations Program for the Center for Public Health and Human Rights at the JHSPH