Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV in Kenya

Zumberge Project

Funded by the USC Zumberge Research and Innovation Fund, the Program on Global Health & Human Rights at the USC Institute for Global Health assessed the acceptability of a new policy designed to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV by providing immediate, lifelong antiretroviral therapy for all pregnant women diagnosed with HIV. The policy was pilot tested in two Kenyan referral hospitals. Based on a review of clinical data, as well as interviews with clients and health workers, the findings helped inform national decisions regarding if, and how, the policy should be rolled out nationally in Kenya. The policy subsequently became national policy, and antiretroviral coverage among pregnant women in Kenya has increased.