In the context of a rapidly evolving policy environment for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) and the possible shift towards immediate initiation of lifelong highly active antiretroviral therapy (H... read more →
Despite the growing number of women living with and affected by HIV, there is still insufficient attention to their pregnancy-related needs, rights, decisions and desires in research, policy and programs. We carried out a rev... read more →
Brazil and South Africa were among the first countries profoundly impacted by the HIV/AIDS epidemic and had similar rates of HIV infection in the early 1990s. Today, Brazil has less than 1% adult HIV prevalence, implemented t... read more →
Background: There has been little attention, until recently, to linking women who test HIV positive in pregnancy-related services to long-term HIV care and treatment services.
Methods: A retrospective review of routine hospi... read more →
Objectives: To quantify attrition between women testing HIV-positive in pregnancy-related services
and accessing long-term HIV care and treatment services in low- or middle-income countries and to
explore the reasons under... read more →
Objective: To explore the accuracy of routinely collected prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) coverage data in Kenya.
Methods: In case studies at two government hospitals, the authors reviewed n... read more →
Background and Objective: The relative balance between Th1 and Th2 cytokines appears crucial in the outcome of infections . We assessed the levels of some proinflammatory Th1 cytokines, interleukin-2 (IL-2) and gamma... read more →
The epidemics of violence and HIV overlap and intersect in complex ways and are similarly relevant to women, men, children, adolescents, transsexual, and transgender populations. Everywhere in the world, violence and HIV, ind... read more →
Improved access to services for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) has decreased vertical HIV transmission. However parallel attention to women’s access to HIV care and treatment for themselves ha... read more →
Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) programmes have been scaled up substantially in recent years. In 2009, it was estimated that 50% of pregnant women in East and Southern Africa were tested for HIV, up ... read more →
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